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Biafra

The civil war of Nigeria arose from the attempted secession of Biafra, and was the center of attention of the media world in the late sixties. Like the Vietnam War, this conflict was photographed and filmed like none before, or since. Clichés and extremely disturbing films thus sparked outrage worldwide. Biafra mixed reminiscence of past "genocides" and gave the western world the first largely seen images of the African famine. Modern humanitarian action made their appearance on the international stage. Figurehead of this movement was Bernard Kouchner, just out of medical school but already keen on politics, while dozens of magazines and television reports covers were flooding the world of images of children with bellies inflated. In the Francophone world, we have become accustomed to the priority of poverty and issues affecting African countries, while neglecting the analysis of the role of world powers in their former colonies. Here is an opportunity to focus on a historical sequence where wounds are not completely healed, giving rise to new strong identity claims and violent repressions.



Biyi Bandele, 2013, dcp, ov st fr, 113'

"Half of a Yellow Sun" follows, from the early 60’s, the fate of twin sisters, of different characters, Olanna and Kainene. If the film does not immediately immerses us in the heart of the Biafran war, it helps to better understand the emergence and the brutality of the conflict through different perceptions and sensibilities.
In 2014, the censorship visa was not delivered and the release of the film in Nigeria was constantly postponed. It was enough to arouse the curiosity of Nigerians and perhaps even more those in the diaspora. Difficult to understand what problems a film about Biafra could cause today, and yet ...
The film was already expected for several reasons. A rather new alliance between UK cinema, Nollywood and an Hollywood aesthetic, an international cast (including Thandie Newton and even Chiwetel Ejiofor, straight out of "Twelve Years a Slave"), and therefore a large budget, which is rare for an African film. Above all, it is the adaptation of the second novel by Chimanda Ngozi Adichie, whose third, "Americanah" had just come out. Bestseller, critical success, a new voice of feminism and post-colonial studies, this literary work is also signed by a writer who became famous for her Ted Talk "We Should All Be Feminists" later sampled by Beyoncé!
Where the book "Half of a Yellow Sun", in the footsteps of Chinua Achebe, succeed to address complex situations in a simple way, thanks to clever stratagems literary, sensitive and effective, hence the recourse to the reader’s imagination that knows the striking images seen in the newspapers of the time works wonders; the film fights between production difficulties and inability to deal with the horror and violence, despite some honorable attempts at staging (the reconstitution of Lagos 60’s), an interesting photo and use of archive footage . The need to return to
the canons of two cinematographic traditions was not being helpful.
Still "Half of a Yellow Sun" has not had his chance in theaters, since the film was poorly distributed. It is an uplifting and very recent testimony to the inability to calmly deal with the subject. The film is therefore, an interesting object and a matter of debate, and naturally found its place in this special section at the Nova. A maybe unique opportunity to discover the big screen in Belgium.

In the presence of Daria Tunca who will introduce the film, CEREP researcher (Centre for Education and Research in Postcolonial Literature) of Liège, himamanda Ngozi Adichie specialist.

07.10 > 20:00
5€ / 3,5€


Séance d’écoute

WAKE UP YOU !

THE RISE AND FALL OF NIGERIAN ROCK, 1972-1977

Uchenna Ikonne, active scout of the 60’s and 70’s Nigerian music treasures (he is responsible, among other things, of the rediscovery of William Onyeabor), has published two books and compilations on the short life of Nigerian rock between 1972 and 1977. We could not miss the opportunity to present it!
The Western world was in the throes of peace, love, and flower power as Nigeria descended into Civil War in 1967. The rock scene that developed during the following three years of bloodshed and destruction would come to heal the country, propagate the world-wide ideal of the Modern Nigerian, and propel Fela Kuti to stardom after conflict ended in 1970.
Wake Up You! tells the story of this time, pays homage to these now-forgotten musicians and their struggle, and brings to light the funk and psychedelic fury they created as they wrested free of the ravages of the late 1960s and created thrilling, original Nigerian rock music throughout the 1970s.
We’ll listen to songs, watch video clips (including with Fela Kuti, Ginger Baker but also save from Paul McCartney in Lagos), watch pictures... We offer a rich music frenzied session from the books of Uchenna Ikonne, who will appear at the end on our big screen, with the help of internet magic and the modern world.

We will play extra time at the bar with Chris Ofili with Highlife, Afro-beat and rock sounds, of course !

07.10 > 22:00
3,5€ / 2,5€


We invite Valérie Gorin, historian, researcher in education at the research center in humanitarian action in Geneva to present her work.
This session aims to return to the fundamental issues arising from the relationship between belligerents and humanitarian media during the Biafran War. While the famine that followed peaked in the summer of 1968, Western journalists adhere to the rhetoric of victimhood then initiated by the Biafran leader, Colonel Ojukwu, which sets up a true "media machine" based on a genocidal propaganda.
The session is built on two types of documents. The first war photojournalism, which saw its heyday in the 1960s, shows off the starving children in absolute effigy of suffering, to depoliticize the complex issues of the secessionist conflict - like photographs of Gilles Caron or magazines news (Life, Le Nouvel Observateur). Audiovisual excerpts from Swiss TV , issuance of Carrefour political news.
Journalists, brought by plane by public relations agency Markpress, based in Geneva, develop stories primarily focused on the horror. The interviews conducted in Carrefour also show that humanitarian organizations, including the ICRC, Terre des Hommes and Irish Catholic priests now act as media experts, in speeches that arouse compassion, indignation and interventionism.

08.10 > 20:00  
3,5€ / 2,5€


Séance d’écoute

Ojukwu’s Words

Complex geo-strategic issues, post-colonial problems, ethnic tensions, the birth of modern "humanitarism", but also the intellectual and sentimental commitment of the Biafran people to a charismatic leader, ambiguous and elusive: Chukwuemeka Odumegwu Ojukwu.We propose to hear the warm, seductive voice of General Ojukwu. A quarter of an hour speech as could be heard in the late 60’s on Radio
Biafra.

+ The Encounter

Tolu Ajayi, 2015, dcp, ov st fr, 22'

Recent short film straight from Nollywood, "The Encounter" based on Henry Onyema’s short story, allows us to witness a reconstruction of the confrontation between Ojukwu and a prisoner, a former ally. The opportunity to discover the chilling side of this war leader...

08.10 > 22:00
2,5€


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lang: en
id_rubrique: 2183
prog: 2178
pos: aval